Rapid prototyping with photogrammetry and 3D printing
3D printing is one of the most used techniques in rapid prototyping. When combined with the capabilities of drone-mapping and photogrammetry software, it speeds up the process of creating 3D models of real objects and reproducing them at any scale.
The Vomela Companies tested 3D printing a mesh file of a drone-mapped building, generated with Pix4Dmapper.
|Company||The Vomela Companies|
|Project date||December 2017|
|Project manager||Chase Kasel|
|Software||Pix4Dmapper (photogrammetry software)|
|Mesh File Format||.obj + .mtl|
|3D printer||Stratasys J750 3D|
|Print size||11.4 x 8.1 x 7.6 cm - 4.5 x 3.2 x 3 inches|
Producing a rapid prototype
Vomela’s goal was to demonstrate their capabilities for producing a full-color 3D printed, rapid prototype.
Chase Kasel, 3D Designer & CAD Engineer at The Vomela Companies edited, optimized and 3D printed the mesh file using a Stratasys J750 3D printer.
Preparing the mesh for full-color 3D printing
Chase imported the mesh into Blender, an open source 3D modeling software, to edit and optimize it, making it full-color 3D printable.
He worked with an .obj file, a solid colorless model associated with a .mtl material file holding the image mapping.
Editing and optimizing the file included overlapping vertices and faces, filling gaps in the geometry and adding a printable base.
Since this is an aerial scan, the open vertices are a product of the scanner not having data from the under sides of objects. These “voids” could be reshaped and placed on an image map to create a seamless look.
When finished editing the file in Blender, Chase exported the file as an .obj/.mtl file, and loaded it into GrabCAD Print, the 3D printer software. He then placed it on the print tray, had the software automatically “slice” the layers of the print, and 3D print the object.
Why rapid prototype?
Combining photogrammetry, computer-aided design and 3D printing in their prototyping process, architects, product designers, manufacturers, biomedical engineers, and researchers can speed up and improve the design and new product development processes.
Using this rapid prototyping process to create physical scale models of buildings, parts or products for analysis and production tooling has many advantages, including saving time, reducing costs, facilitating communication, and lowering risks.
Using a photogrammetry software to automatically transform images into a 3D model, instead of creating it, manually cuts down the time needed to modelize an object or building. The possibility to easily edit and re-design the reality-captured models, in combination with 3D printing, reduces the time between initial design and analysis. An accurate model is quickly available for testing form, features, performance, and usability. Rapid prototyping is a highly automated process that enables designers to quickly modify products in line with feedback.
This rapid prototyping process helps to reduce the costs of product development. There is no need to produce molds, patterns or special tools required for conventional modeling for each new project. This prototyping process also reduces work-hours. Since 3D printing only adds modeling material where needed, waste costs are also lower.
Realistic three-dimensional scale models help designers present a new building or product to clients or investors who need to understand and approve the project. This type of prototyping also facilitates feedback exchange, enabling designers to incorporate it into the later stages of development.
Making a detailed physical analysis possible at an early stage in the development process, rapid prototyping can reduce the risk of costly errors. Designers can identify problems and make modifications quickly, reducing the risk of later construction, production or usability problems.