Matterhorn: By chil, camptocamp.org CC BY-SA 3.0  via Wikimedia Commons

3D modeling the Matterhorn mountain with drones

The Matterhorn has challenged climbers for centuries. Can it be conquered with drones?

Standing high above the other mountain ranges in the Swiss alps, the Matterhorn is one of the highest peaks in Europe, and a symbol of Switzerland.

A challenge to climbers for centuries, the first group reached its peak in 1865, but final face of the Matterhorn was not climbed until 1962. The Matterhorn remains one of the world's deadliest mountains.

The height of the Matterhorn was first measured in 1792 with a sextant and a 15 metre long chain. In 2013, the Matterhorn was mapped by drone.

Project details

Dataset2,188 images
Flights11
Flight time5 hours 40 minutes
Distance flown263km
Points calculated300 million
GSD20cm
Project area2,800 hectares
SoftwarePix4Dmapper
Project partnersPix4D, senseFly, Drone Adventures, Mapbox.

Pix4D worked with senseFly, Drone Adventures and Mapbox to create this unique model.

Flying drones in the alps

Before dawn, part of the Drone Adventures team carried the senseFly eBee drones to the summit of the mountain. Ebees are ideal for large projects, as their maximum flight time is 50 minutes. At the same time, another team worked on mapping a lower part of the mountain.

A climber ascending the Matterhorn with the help of a rope.
Carrying the drones to the top of the Matterhorn mountain required a lot of planning and preparation

Once the climbers reached the summit, they launched the drones into the air from 4,478 metres above ground. Following a pre-planned course, the drones flew autonomously down the mountain, snapping pictures as they went. They were caught by the team on the lower slopes of the Matterhorn, and the hard-working drones were relaunched to take still more pictures.

After a total flight time of 5 hours and 40 minutes, and a total of 2,188 images captured, the mountain was captured.

Flight plans for the drones that were launched from the middle of the mountain
Flight plans for the drones that were launched from the top of the mountain
The flight plans for the drones were calculated automatically

Recreating the Matterhorn in 3D

Once the images were captured, the Pix4D team stepped in to recreate the mountain in 3D.

A high density 3D point cloud was created in Pix4Dmapper, and manual tie points were added for accuracy.

Point cloud of the Matterhonr mountain
Matterhorn mountain in the rayCloud interface
Point cloud and rayCloud of the Matterhorn mountain created by Pix4Dmapper software


Mapped with Pix4D

This project could not have been completed without the help of senseFly, Drone Adventures and Mapbox, who were instrumental in gathering the images.

Explore the full model below:




Discover Pix4Dmapper
Professional drone based mapping, purely from images.

Related articles